Nobel Prize In Medicine Awarded To 'Body Clock' Scientists

'Lone Wolf' Suspected in Canada Terror Attack

This isn't the first time the three have been recognised for their work on circadian rhythms, however: in 2013, they shared the Shaw Prize in life science and medicine, then worth US$1 million. They experimented with fruit flies to find the gene that controls the daily biological rhythm.

We now know a lot more about the circadian rhythm, and subsequent scientists have expanded the research, finding similar proteins in humans (though there's still a lot of work to do).

Both Jeffrey C. Hall and Michael Rosbash worked at Brandeis University.

From left to right: Michael Young, Jeffrey Hall, and Michael Rosbash. In the 1980s, the pair collaborated with geneticist Michael W. Young, 68, of Rockefeller University in NY to characterize what are known as the "period" and "timeless" genes. Between them, studying mutated fruit flies, they put together an explanation of what is going on at a molecular level.

The awardees' work stems back to 1984, when Mr Rosbash and Mr Hall, who was then also at Brandeis, along with Mr Young isolated the "period gene" in fruit flies.

In 1994 Young discovered a second clock gene, which he named "timeless", that helps control the period gene's activity.

The statement further read, "We now recognize that biological clocks function by the same principles in cells of other multicellular organisms, including humans". He said he got the call about the award just after 5 a.m. (Benzer died in 2007.) At the time, the idea that behaviour could have a genetic basis was controversial, says Wijnen.

"The Swedish Academy has made a decision to announce the name of this year's Nobel Literature Prize laureate on Thursday, October 5, at 1:00 pm" (1100 GMT), the Academy wrote on its website on Monday.

Why it matters: Their combined work launched a subgenre of molecular biology that focused on circadian rhythm proteins.

The early 1980s was a much different time for DNA research-there was no human genome project, no CRISPR, and the computers used to evaluate DNA research were a lot slower.

Better understanding of the workings of the body clock has opened up a fascinating field of scientific quest. These rhythms show why disturbance in a particular pattern - such as lack of sleep due to jet lag or insomnia - could potentially have devastating consequences on the body and result in increased risk of many diseases.

The Nobel prize in Medicine previous year was won by Yoshinori Ohsumi, a Japanese cell biologist, for discovering the process called "autophagy" in which cells destroy and recycle cellular components. In 2002, he became associated with the University of Maine.

Research on the body clock has helped scientists improve health. "I hadn't even had a thought about this", he said.

Related News:

Most liked

Hurricane islanders want us to do everything for them, claims Donald Trump
As of Thursday, most of Puerto Rico remains at a standstill after Hurricane Maria slammed into it almost two weeks ago. Trump accused Cruz of being egged into her biting criticisms by Democrats who told her she "must be nasty to Trump".

Myanmar Repairs, Fortifies Fence on Bangladeshi Border
Bangladeshi home minister will shortly visit Myanmar for discussion over the border management proposal, said Mahmood Ali. Ali told reporters that the counties had agreed to form a joint working group to start work on repatriation.

Donald Trump to visit Asia in November, but India not in itinerary
The White House said that Trump will travel to China, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and the Philippines. The US president will be accompanied by First Lady Melania Trump.

Google scraps free content rule for publishers
News search results for sites with paid subscriptions will no longer be demoted in Google search , Bloomberg reported Sunday. Gingras says that they have been collaborating with news publishers to address such problems.

Shiv Sena's strategy for BJP: Support but oppose too
Asked if he aspires to become the Chief Minister, he said, "I still have an ambition to become the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Mr Fadnavis opposed his induction to avoid that embarrassment", said close confidant of the chief minister. "It never dies.

Playstation unveils updated VR headset
To check the event, it will dispatch a progression of recordings praising the gadget and the prevalent accomplishments. In Japan, the updated VR headset (in a bundle with the PlayStation Camera) will cost ¥44,980 (about $400).

San Juan mayor pushes back on Trump admin
President Donald Trump says Washington is - in his words - "fully engaged in the disaster and the response and recovery effort". Trump also criticized Puerto Rican officials for waiting for federal help to begin responding to the storm. "I could've played.

Places to visit on Gandhi Jayanti!!
He said the state had targeted the construction of 22 lakh individual toilets as part of Swachch Bharat by March 31, 2018. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Gujarat's Porbandar town to Putlibai and Karamchand Gandhi.

Longtime Hockey Broadcaster Dave Strader Dies At 62
In April, the Hockey Hall of Fame presented Strader with the Foster Hewitt Memorial Award for his contributions as a broadcaster. That game, of course, featured the Red Wings and Blackhawks, so it was a thrill to hear The Voice here in Detroit again.

Congress terms rescheduling of Gandhi's visit to Amethi as 'murder of democracy'
Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee chief Raj Babbar termed the attempt to postpone Rahul's visit by the district administration an act of "cowardice and fear".

Trump accuses San Juan mayor of 'poor leadership'
Trump said the US territory, which already was facing mounting debt and a shrinking economy, will need a costly recovery effort. According to the administration, more than 90 percent of the island now is now accessible; some 200 gas stations are open.

Herath spins Sri Lanka to victory as hosts collapse
Ali was dismissed after scoring 85 runs today, followed by skipper Sarfraz Ahmed on 18 and bowler Mohammad Amir on four runs. His dismissal of Mohammed Abbas, during a frenzied final session in Abu Dhabi , sent Pakistan to a 21-run loss.

Trump cites 'great job' in helping Puerto Rico
The President also accused the news media of doing all it could to skew the story of the Puerto Rico relief effort, as Mr. Trump temporarily waived the Jones Act earlier this week to ease the delivery of aid by sea to Puerto Rico .

Dubai announces launch of massive Mars Science City project
The creation of Mars Science City is led by a team from the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre and Dubai Municipality . The Emirati government Tuesday announced its plan to build a scientific city exemplifying life on planet Mars .

Rahul needs to remove Italian glasses to see development: Shah
The two-day state executive committee is slated to be held at Mangal Talab (Patna City) on October 6 and 7. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Shah will participate in the concluding ceremony of the yatra .