United Nations condemns violence in Myanmar forcing Rohingyas to flee

UN Security Council urges end to 'excessive' military force in Rakhine

The UN Security Council unanimously approved a statement strongly condemning the violence that has caused more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee from Myanmar to Bangladesh, a significant step that still fell short of a stronger resolution that Western nations wanted but China opposed.

Among other things, Cardi cited systematic killings, sexual violence, violence against children and destruction of homes as being among the many abuses and violence committed by the security forces.

China had indicated it was willing to resort to its veto power to block a resolution, but Beijing finally agreed to a statement during negotiations, diplomats said.

Since late August, more than 600,000 Rohingya have been driven from their homes by an army campaign in Rakhine state that the United Nations has denounced as ethnic cleansing.

The council statement stressed the importance of transparent investigations into allegations of human rights abuses in northern Rakhine, including sexual violence and abuse and violence against children.

The Council also expressed concern over severely limited humanitarian access to the affected parts of the region and demanded that the Government ensure immediate, safe and unhindered access to United Nations and other humanitarian actors, and ensure the safety and security of humanitarian personnel.

The UN Security Council on Monday demanded an end to the "excessive use of military force" in Rakhine State and the creation of conditions for the safe return of refugees.

The statement welcomed the government's support for recommendations made by Annan commission and called for their full implementation. It asked UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to report back in 30 days on the situation.

The Council also urged the Government to implement measures in line with its resolution 2106 (2013) to prevent and respond to incidents of sexual violence, and encouraged it to work with the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict.

France and Britain stressed that the top United Nations body was issuing "demands" to Myanmar and that Guterres would report on progress in 30 days.

"The Security Council stresses the primary responsibility of the government of Myanmar to protect its population including through respect for the rule of law and the respect, promotion and protection of human rights", the statement said.

The influx of Rohingya has created an urgent humanitarian crisis in south-eastern Bangladeshi district of Cox's Bazar bordering Myanmar.

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