Study finds that genes play a role in empathy

Donald Trump's talking points perhaps reflect a lack of empathy but could his genes be partly to blame

The 60 questions that made up the EQ test focused on various aspects of empathy, including cognitive empathy (the ability to understand others' states of mind) and affective empathy (the ability to react appropriately to others).The former is known to be impaired, for example, in people with autism. It has two parts- the ability to recognise another person's thoughts and feelings, and the ability to respond with an appropriate emotion.

There is no objective measure of empathy. "We saw that men score, on average, 40, and women score, on average, 50". The study, the largest genetic study ever conducted on empathy, using data from more than 46,000 participants according to the Pasteur Institute which contributed to it, was published on March 12, 2018 in the journal Translational Psychiatry.

Upbringing, education, and other external experiences may not be the only factors to influence empathy in a person.

The Linkage Disequilibrium Score Regression (LDSR) was used to find genetic patterns, and to correlate any patterns with the scores from the empathy assessment.

This implies that the sex difference in empathy is the result of other non-genetic biological factors, such as prenatal hormone influences, or non-biological factors such as socialisation, both of which also differ between the sexes. "Indeed, at least a tenth of this variation is associated with genetic factors", reported the Pasteur Institute in a statement regarding the study.

The second result confirmed that women are more empathetic than men on average.

"This is an important step toward understanding the small but important role that genetics plays in empathy", said Varun Warrier, a Cambridge doctoral student, and leader of the team.

With genetics out of the equation, it's not clear why men have less empathy than women do, Warrier said.

They also found 11 SNPs that correlated with lower empathy scores - although they were merely of "suggestive significance", and not statistical significance, they report.

The new study has three important results.

"Finally, the study shows that genetic variations associated with lower empathy are also associated with a higher risk of autism", according to Cambridge.

"Our next step is to gather larger samples to replicate these findings, and to pin-point the precise biological pathways associated with individual differences in empathy", Bourgeron said. "This difficulty in reading emotions can become as disabling as any other disability", commented one of the main authors, Simon Baron-Cohen.

"We as a society need to support those with disabilities, with novel teaching methods, work-arounds, or reasonable adjustments, to promote inclusion", he added.

Related News:

  • Bus carrying students crashes in Alabama, killing driver

    Bus carrying students crashes in Alabama, killing driver

    Torres said his brother, also a member of the Channelview band, was on a second band bus that wasn't involved in the accident. In the video, multiple first responders surround an overturned charter bus after it apparently crashed into a ravine.
    UN Finds Facebook Partly to Blame for Fueling Myanmar Genocide

    UN Finds Facebook Partly to Blame for Fueling Myanmar Genocide

    Following the crackdown by Myanmar armed forces, around 700,000 people who belong to the Rohingya community have fled Myanmar and sought refuge in neighboring Bangladesh.
    World Health Organisation warns of mystery killer Disease X

    World Health Organisation warns of mystery killer Disease X

    However, this year a mystery pathogen has been added to the watch list for the first time. Disease X is only different because it hasn't emerged or been identified yet.
  • Mattis Says Some Taliban Factions Might Be Interested In Peace Talks

    Mattis Says Some Taliban Factions Might Be Interested In Peace Talks

    These and other moves boosted the number of United States troops in Afghanistan by at least 3,500 to a total of more than 14,000. Mattis told reporters that he thinks victory is still possible - defined as a political settlement with the Taliban .
    Canada's Trudeau accuses China of 'dumping' steel on global markets

    Canada's Trudeau accuses China of 'dumping' steel on global markets

    Trudeau said his government is working hard to ensure that the exemptions stay in place and took issue with the U.S. The steel tariff investigation was launched to see the impact of steel imports on USA national security.
    Bets for upcoming Southampton vs Arsenal fight

    Bets for upcoming Southampton vs Arsenal fight

    Neither Arsene Wenger nor his players could afford themselves to lose another match if they still want to be in the top four. Arsenal is still keeping the dream to be qualified in Champions League after the victory over Manchester on Sunday.
  • Kim Kardashian Covers Elle Magazine Talks Culture Appropriation & Yeezy

    Kim Kardashian Covers Elle Magazine Talks Culture Appropriation & Yeezy

    As for the haters that troll her nearly everyday, Kim says she used to care but not anymore. "I can't see too much noise". In the chat she goes on to talk about life in the spotlight, confessing that she's happy with her lot.
    U.S.  eases way to more tariff exemptions under pressure By

    U.S. eases way to more tariff exemptions under pressure By

    Even if USA manufacturers increased their output of the two metals, it would add only 0.05 per cent to GDP, according to Guatieri. Never mind the net loss of jobs from a full-scale trade war , which would in the end probably be a relatively small number.
    Turkey, Free Syrian Army make advances in Afrin

    Turkey, Free Syrian Army make advances in Afrin

    People in Syria and out have reportedly offered to stand between the YPG and Turkish forces set to storm the city . A total of 7,858 people were also detained over the week, while trying to cross the Turkish borders illegally.
  • Silva double earns title-chasing Man City 2-0 win at Stoke

    Silva double earns title-chasing Man City 2-0 win at Stoke

    He went back after the game against Basel last week but he came back, has trained and is ready to play against Stoke . With nine games remaining in the Premier League season, Stoke are fighting for their Premier League lives.
    Richard Sherman's New Contract Has Seahawk Fans BURNING Jerseys!

    Richard Sherman's New Contract Has Seahawk Fans BURNING Jerseys!

    Still, it's a hedge for the 49ers as Sherman continues recovery from a torn Achilles tendon suffered November 9 at Arizona. The 49ers are IN the NFC West along with the Seahawks .... - All right- Richard Sherman to the San Francisco 49ers .
    David Solomon: Goldman Sachs Next CEO?

    David Solomon: Goldman Sachs Next CEO?

    He has also taken on a leading role in the firm's diversity push and initiatives to improve working conditions for young bankers. Before taking the co-COO role, Solomon had been a cohead of investment banking in NY for a decade.


Most liked

Mark Hamill finally gets a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
So I said to Rian , "Isn't this rather dramatically inert?" He didn't deny that. "I couldn't ask for anything more ", Hamill said. I didn't even realize I had shed a tear. " The Last Jedi's out today in the States for digital download, [Blu-ray] in two weeks".

Musical director James Levine fired by Met Opera for 'sexually abusive' conduct
It said there was also evidence that the conductor abused and harassed "vulnerable artists in the early stages of their careers". The Met opened an investigation previous year into James Levine , following reports that he abused a teenage boy decades ago.

PSL 2018: Imad Wasim declared 'stable' after mild concussion
The matches, which were initially scheduled to be played in Lahore, will now be carried out in Karachi . He also said that Wasim will be kept overnight at the hospital and will be under observation.

National Football League free agency rumors: Drew Brees staying with Saints
If not for the insane ending of their playoff loss to the Vikings , they would have been one step away from another Super Bowl . With Brees leading the offense since 2006, the Saints never have finished lower than sixth in total offense.

Prosecutors to seek death penalty in Florida school shooting case
The commission has the power to ask voters to approve changes to the state's constitution. The state attorney in Broward County, Florida filed a formal notice on Tuesday.

Dropbox valued at $8B ahead of high-profile IPO, filing says
Dropbox is expected to begin trading on the Nasdaq stock market under ticker symbol "DBX" by the end of next week. The San Francisco-based company has touted its business as a path to unleashing creative energy and inspired work.

Deadly package explosion at Austin, Texas home
Chief Manley tweeted that if you receive a package that you are not expecting, "DO NOT open it", and instead call 911 immediately. Authorities suspect that both of Monday's explosions were linked to a March 2 attack that killed a 39-year-old black man.

Colombia's FARC candidate out of presidential race due to ill health
Petro, 57, and his Colombia Humana party pledges to improve conditions for the poor, ban open pit mining and use clean energy. The two parties in Fajardo's coalition won just under 9 percent of votes in the lower house and 13 percent in the Senate.

Fans go insane over Taylor Swift's 'Delicate' video
The world got a refreshing glimpse of the old Taylor Swift during the 2018 iHeartRadio Music Awards on Sunday, March 12. The view count is sure to grow later this week as Swift's music videos usually garner millions upon millions of hits.

Honor 7C debuts with an 18:9 display, dual rear cameras
At its front, the smartphone features an 8-megapixel selfie camera with ƒ/2.0 aperture, accompanied by an LED flash. The vertically arranged rear camera setup comprise of a 13MP primary sensor and a 2MP secondary sensor.

Fertility Clinic aware many about their damaged egg & embryos
The lawsuits are a result of the potential loss of more than 2,000 eggs and embryos at UH's Fertility Center two weekends ago. The clinic is uncertain how numerous eggs and embryos are damaged, he said, and can't be used for in-vitro fertilization.

Watch as Betsy Devos Completely Flops in Her '60 Minutes' Interview
I'm committed to a process that's fair for everyone involved". 'That should be an option for states and communities to consider. Since World War II, the number of students in American public schools has climbed by 96 percent, according to U.S.

Rising trend of casino apps
For those who are looking for a specific game, Cherry Rush also includes a description of what games can be found each site. It used to be that if someone wanted to play a casino game they had to find a land based venue.

Will Fiorentina continue the fight?
Another 16 goals brought Lorenzo Insigne, 13 goals went from Jose Callejon and 11 from Marek Hamšík. Forecasts Bookmakers consider Napoli as the main favorite - the coefficient for the victory of the hosts is 1.28.

3 Entertaining Ways to Improve Your Business Skills over the Coming Weeks
In both games and business meetings you may feel everything from frustration to elation, but the trick is to keep is all hidden. Play Poker While millions of people around the world may play poker solely for fun, you can also play to up your business game.