Antibiotic resistance - bacteria are fighting back

WHO warns 'urgent action' is needed to tackle global misuse of antibiotics

New research has found more Australians are becoming aware of antibiotic resistance and its serious threat to their health, and the health of their family and community-but there is further work to be done to reduce the impact of this global problem, according to NPS MedicineWise, the lead organisation for quality use of medicines in Australia.

In a speech delivered on his behalf at the launch of the World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) in Accra yesterday, he also stressed the need for a clamp down on the activities of unauthorised suppliers of antibiotics, especially hawkers.

Drug-resistant infections can also result from poor access to antimicrobials.

According to her, this year, World Health Organization is introducing sub-themes to showcase the huge work underway to tackle antimicrobial resistance, and which demonstrate how antibiotics are linked between humans, animals and the environment. But over the decades, the bacteria are modified to resist to these drugs.

Use antibiotics wisely. When they are needed, take the prescribed dose and complete the whole course of treatment prescribed by your doctor.

Moeti stated that patients should never demand nor share antibiotics and only use them when prescribed by a certified healthcare professional.

"With 33 000 deaths each year as a effect of an infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics and €1 billion in annual health-care expenditure, we need to ensure that antibiotics are used prudently and that infection prevention measures are in place in all settings across Europe", stated Andrea Ammon, Director of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

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He also asked health workers who did not have the mandate to prescribe or dispense antibiotics to desist from that practice.

Painting the numerous health risks associated with the high antibiotics resistance rate in the country, Rev. Awitty pointed out that "it is now becoming hard to treat minor infections like tuberculosis even with the combination of four different drugs".

Many antibiotics are no longer effective in fighting infections as those infections have built up resistance to the medication. Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances.

From 2019, antimicrobial consumption data will be integrated into WHO's Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS) IT platform to provide a single place for data on both consumption and resistance.

"We started seeing more and more cases where the bacteria were resistant to the antibiotics that we have available", Smith noted.

SM Wajeeh, country manager of Pfizer Pakistan, said: "We at Pfizer are fully cognizant of this important issue of AMR and have been working with relevant stakeholders to make our contribution towards managing it".

Don't keep leftover antibiotics to use next time you are sick.

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